A Nobel Prize is one of the greatest honors anyone could be awarded. Between 1901 and 2009 the Nobel Prize Committee has awarded prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, Peace, and Economic Sciences.
Of these prizes, the Nobel Peace Prize is probably most prestigious and the list of Laureates includes some of the most significant names of twentieth century history. According to Alfred Nobel’s will, the Peace Prize is to be awarded to “the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses.”
There’s no lack of controversy, however; Laureates have been imprisoned for their activism and the Nobel Prize for Peace has been awarded to those imprisoned at the time of the announcement or forbidden by their governments to accept the award.